Helpful InformationAre you smarter than your 2nd Grader?
Reading EditionReading Term: GenreThis tells what type of story we are reading. We will be reading many types of genres throughout the year.GenreDefinitionCharacteristicsFantasya story that takes place in a make-believe world and has events that can not happen in real life-characters and events that would not happen in real life-a setting that may be different from the real world-animals that do things that real animals can not doInformational Storya story that gives you factsabout a topic through a story plot-a story that gives information-pictures that help you understand the topic-a plot with a beginning, a middle, and an end-characters that tell factsRealistic Fictiona story that is not real, but has events and characters that could be like the real world-characters that do things real people do-characters that have feelings real people have-a setting that could be a real place-events that could really happenStoryhas characters, a setting, and a plot-a plot with a beginning, a middle, and an end-story events that happen in order-pictures that help tell the storyFolktalea story that has been told for a long time by a group of people-things that are much bigger than they could be in real life-events that happen over and overNonfiction:Photo Essaya photo essay tells about a topic using photographs and words-photographs that give important ideas about the topic-sentences that help you think about the photographsPlaya story that can be acted out-scenes with different settings-a plot divided into scenes-words that tell the characters' actions and feelingsExpositoryNonfictiona book that gives facts about a topic-diagrams with labels-events in time order-main ideas and details-headings that tell you what each section is aboutNon-Fiction:Personal Narrativea true story about something important to the narrator-information about the narrator's life-first-person words such as I, me, and mySkill: Main IdeaThe main idea is what is most important in a story. Each sentence should help support the main idea. Sometimes the main idea is the first sentence of the paragraph. Sometimes it may be the last. At other times, the author may give you information to help you figure out the main idea. Always be sure to read carefully and ask yourself:What is the whole paragraph about? Does each sentence tell about the "whole"?Think of the main idea as a table. The main idea is the "top" of the table. The other sentences are the supporting details, or "legs" of the table. The details will help support the table. They must tell about the main idea. If they do not, they will not support it.Skill: Author's PurposeThe author's purpose is why the author is writing a selection. There are three main purposes: Persuade, Inform, Entertain.Persuade: the author is trying to get you to do something, or is trying to change your opinion about somethingInform: the author is telling you factual information about a topicEntertain: the author wants you to enjoy yourself, or tries to make you laughLook at the examples below:1Hello, Ladies and Gentlemen! I want to tell you about a wonderful place to go to school. It is South Effingham Elementary. It is the best elementary school in the county, the world, even the whole country! Don't you want to send your children there today?2South Effingham Elementary is located in Guyton, Ga. It is located at on Kolic Helmey Road. This school currently serves children from pre-kindergarten through fifth grade.3Hello, my name is Peter Plant. Let me tell you a secret about where I live. It's a great place to be. I live in a school that is one of the best (by day)! At night, it is a different story. The party gets going when all our children go home for the day! Inside our colorful walls, you will find a selection of friendly desks, happy-go-lucky pencils, and sometimes a few grumpy clocks. We like to have parties in the libraries just so we can confuse our librarian. Come get locked in one night and have a ball with us!Quiz: What was the purpose of each story?1-persuade2-inform3-entertainReading Skill: SettingThe setting tells where and when a story takes place. Look for picture and word clues in the story to help you determine the setting.Reading Skill: Cause and Effect*The cause tells WHY something happened*The effect tells WHAT happenedAsk yourself some questions to help determine cause and effect relationships. Practice this skill:
The mouse ran into the hole, because the cat was chasing it.Why did the mouse run into the hole? The cat was chasing it. This is the cause.What happened because the cat was chasing the mouse? The mouse ran into the hole. This is the effect.Reading Skill: Making InferencesTo make an inference, use story clues and what you already know to help figure out what the author doesn't tell you.EX: Marissa was at the pet store trying to decide what type of animal to buy. She knew she wanted something small that could be kept in a cage. As she was walking around she kept coming back to the aisle with the wheels and tunnels. She finally made up her mind. She went to tell her mom what kind of pet she wanted. What type of pet did Marissa choose?
Did you say hamster? What clues from the story helped you? What do you already know about hamsters?Reading Skill: Fact and FictionFacts are details that are true and tell about things.Fiction is made up. Things can happen in fiction that can not happen in real life.See if you can determine what is fact and fiction below:Female emperor penguins lay eggs in May or June which is the beginning of winter in Antartica.FactPenguins are the coolest animals on the planet.FictionMale Emperor penguins take care of the eggs for two months.FactPenguins only live in Antartica.FictionReading Skill: AntonymsAntonyms are words that have opposite meanings.Examples:coolwarmhotcoldwetdrynicemeantallshortReading Skill: Homophones, Homonyms, and HomographsHomophones, Homonyms, and Homographs can be VERY confusing to most people. The three are used incorrectly so much that most people don't even know there is a difference between them. So...here's the lowdown.Reading Skill:Multiple-Meaning Words/ Homonyms**Multiple-Meaning Words are also known as Homonyms**A multiple-meaning word is a word that has more than one meaning.You need to read/ listen to the sentence and how the word is used to determine the meaning.EX: PLAYI want to play with my friends at the park.-Play means to go and have funWill you go and watch the play with me?-Play means a show with separate acts.*Many words can be used as nouns and verbs which make them multiple-meaning words*Common Multiple-Meaning Wordsglasses1-things you wear on your face that are used to see2-things you drink liquids out ofbat1-small nocturnal animal2-wooden or metal stick used to hit balls3-take a turn at hitting a ballpitcher1-glass or plastic container used to hold liquids2-person who throws the ball to batters in baseballstick1-small wooden branch from a tree2-make something adhere to something else--like glueslide1-playground equipment that you go down2-baseball move where you try to tag the base with your feet firstbatter1-liquid mixture used to make cakes, brownies, cookies, etc2-person who is taking a turn at hitting the ball in baseballpitch1-musical term for a sound that is made2-to throw the ball for someone to hitHow many other multiple-meaning words (homonyms)can you think of?Reading Skill: HomophonesHomophones are words that sound alike but have different spellings and meanings. You have to listen to how the word is used to determine the correct spelling.EX: SEA/ SEEI will ride in a boat over the sea.-sea means a body of waterI see a tall ship in the distance.-see means to look or spot something with your eyesCommon Homophonestwotoo-the number-alsodeerdear-the animal-a name/ greeting for someone you care aboutmale-a letter or to send something- a boy or mansunson-the star in the sky that provides light and heat-a male childbarebear-nothing on it-a big animalnightknight-a time when it is dark outside-a midevil soldierReading Skill: HomographsHomographs are words that are spelled the same, but have different pronunciations and different meanings.Examples: record/ recordDo you want to listen to the record?-record means something that music is on (yes, these are just about obsolete now)If you sing, I will record it on tape.-to tape someone's voice
Last Modified on July 26, 2017