• Grammar & ELA Helpful Hints

     

    What is Lexile?   The Lexile Framework is a scientific way to match readers with text using the same scale.  Lexile measures connect learners of all ages with resources at the right level of challenge.

     

    What is a Cold Read?  It is a passage that is new to the student; one that they have not been exposed to in the past.  It is cold to them because they are not familar with the passage.  A cold read is a good indicator if a student is comprehending and mastering the ELA standards.

     

    Genre:

    • fiction:  a story/passage that is untrue or fake.  It usually contains characters and a setting.
    • fairy tale:  a passage/story that ususally has good & evil charachers, an element of magic or talking animals and most of the time it begins with "Once upon a time" and ends with "they loved happily every after"
    • informationals: a passage/article that gives real information or facts about a topic.

     

    Writing to compare:

    • alike: This type of sentence compares two things and tells how thet are alike.
      • An apple and a banana are alike because they are both fruit.                           
    • different: This type of sentence compares two things and tellls haow they are different.
      • An apple and a pear are different because an apple has red, green, or yellow skin and a banana has a yellow pealing.
      • OR:  An apple has red, yellow, or green skin and a banana has yellow skin.

    A declarative sentence tells you something.  It ends with a period.

    • My cat is black and white.

    A exclamatory sentence tells you something with emotion.

    • My cat jumped into the bathtub!

    An imperative sentence states a command.

    • Please bring me a pencil.

    An interrogative sentence asks a question.  It ends with a question mark. 

    • Do you like to play?

    • What color is your cat?

    The Naming Part of a sentence tells who or what the sentence is about.

    • Beth got new red boots.

    • My friend is nice to me.

    • I like to eat pizza.

    Sometimes a sentence has two naming parts. 

    • The cat and the dog are friends.

    The Telling Part of a sentence tells what the naming part did. 

    • Sam ran up the bag. 

    • Beth’s friends got her new boots.

    Sometimes a sentence has two telling parts.

    • Beth ran and played.

    A complete sentence needs to have these things:

    • Start with a capital letter.

    • End with an end mark (.?!)

    • Spaces between words.

    • Makes sense.

    A noun names a person, place, thing, or animal.

    • Sam is my best friend.

    • We are going to school.

    • Please bring me a pencil.

    • The cat is white and fluffy.

    A verb shows action.

    • The dog ran up the stairs.

    A verb can also show being (is, are, was, were, am).

    • My friend is nice to me.

    An adjective describes something.

    • Sally has a white dog with a fluffy tail.