Helpful InformationAre you smarter than your 1st grader?English/Grammar Edition**Below you will find many of the skills we will be learning in 1st Grade. Please feel free to practice these ahead of time or just use this page to help you brush up on your skills.Language Skill: Parts of a SentenceSubject: The naming part of a sentence--it tells who or what the sentenceis about.Predicate: The telling part of a sentence--it tells about the subject.Examples: The dog and cat are chasing each other around the tree.Joe ran and opened the door.Cinderella and Sleeping Beauty are cartoon characters.Marsha always washes her hair.Helpful Equation: Subject + Predicate = SentenceLanguage Skill: Types of SentencesSentence TypeWhat it doesPunctuation NeededStatementTellsPeriod (.)QuestionAsksQuestion Mark (?)ExclamationShows strong feelingExclamation Mark (!)CommandTells someone to do somethingPeriod (.)Examples Sentences:Statement: The sky is blue.Question: Do you want to go to the movies Friday night?Exclamation: Wow, that show was awesome!Command: Tell Bob to shut the door.Language Skill: Parts of SpeechPart of SpeechDescriptionExamplesNounnames a person, place, thing, or animaldoctorstoretoytigerPronounreplaces a nounI, you, he, she, me,it, your, our, their, his, her, etc.Adjectiveswords that describebig, brown, furry, two, many, round, roughVerbstell what someone or something is or doesrun, hop, skip, play, talk, swing, love, hugLanguage Skill: PLURAL NOUNSRule:Example:Add -s to MOST nounsgirls, boys, stores, buildingsAdd -es to words that end with s, ss, x, ch, shbuses, kisses, foxes, watches, dishesChange the y to i and add -es when there is a consonant and a y at the end of the wordflies, butterflies, stories, cities, penniesSome words change their spelling (These are irregular.)Can you think of other irregular plural nouns?tooth = teeth mouse = miceLanguage Skill: Proper NounsProper nouns are the special names of people, places, things, animals, or events. This includes days of the week, months of the year, holidays, sports teams, etc.Examples:Person: Mrs. DasherPlace: Ebenezer ElementaryThings: NintendoAnimals: Gabby (my cat)Events: Spring FlingDays of the Week: MondayMonths of the Year: OctoberHolidays: Valentine's DaySports Team: Georgia BulldogsLanguage Skill: Possessive NounsNouns which show ownership.*Add an apostrophe and an s to singular nouns.*Add an apostrophe after the s in plural nouns.Ex: Martha's hat: Who owns the hat? MarthaThe boys' shirts: Who owns the shirts? The boys.Language Skill: PronounsWords that take the place of nounsExamples: I, you, he, she, it, they, we, our, his, herEx: Doug is wearing a green shirt.He is wearing a green shirt.Language Skill: AdjectivesWords that DESCRIBE:This can include words that tell shape, color, size,how many, what kind, etc.Ex: The big bird is yellow and fluffy.***big, yellow, and fluffy are adjectivesLanguage Skill: Helping VerbsHas, Have, and HadHelping verbs help the main verb in a sentence to make sense.Has and Have tell about things now. Had tells about things in the past.Use the following chart to help you determine which helping verb to use in a sentence.SubjectNowPastSingular Subject: He, She, It, Mrs. SmithHasHadPlural Subject: They, We, Don & Joe, The girlsOR if your subject is I or YouHaveHadExample Sentences:Mrs. Smith has a new kitten.Mrs. Smith had a great time at the park yesterday.The boys have a lot of work to do today.Theyhad a lot of work to do last month.I havea lot of great students this year.Youhad a big party for your birthday last year.Language Skill: Linking VerbsAm, Is, Are, Was, and WereLinking Verbs are used to "link" a sentence together.Am, Is, and Are tell about now. Was and Were tell about the past.Use the following chart to help you figure out which linking verb to use.SubjectNowPastSingular Subject: Joe, She, The animal, It, The familyIsWasSubject: IAmWasSubject: YouAreWerePlural Subject: John and Crissy, We, The childrenAreWereExample Sentences:Joeis wearing a green shirt.The familywas excited about their vacation.Iam going to the mall.Youare going to the mall, too.The children aregoing on a field trip soon.Wewere going to go to the beach yesterday, but it rained.Language Skill: Irregular VerbsIrregular verbs do not add -ed to make them past tense. You have to learn the endings of these past tense verbs.Examples:Present Tense: Past Tense:Run RanSing SangDo DidRead ReadFind FoundGo WentFly FlewHow many other irregular verbs can you think of?
Last Modified on September 19, 2009