• Helpful Information
    Are you smarter than your 1st grader?
    English/Grammar Edition
     
    **Below you will find many of the skills we will be learning in 1st Grade.  Please feel free to practice these ahead of time or just use this page to help you brush up on your skills. 
     
    Language Skill:  Parts of a Sentence
    Subject:  The naming part of a sentence--it tells who or what the sentence  
                  is about.
    Predicate:  The telling part of a sentence--it tells about the subject.
     
    Examples:  The dog and cat are chasing each other around the tree.
                     Joe ran and opened the door.
                    Cinderella and Sleeping Beauty are cartoon characters.
                    Marsha always washes her hair.
     
    Helpful Equation:  Subject + Predicate = Sentence
     
     
     
      
    Language Skill:  Types of Sentences
     
     
    Sentence Type
    What it does
    Punctuation Needed
    Statement
    Tells
    Period  (.)
    Question
    Asks
    Question Mark (?)
    Exclamation
    Shows strong feeling
    Exclamation Mark (!)
    Command
    Tells someone to do something
    Period (.)
     
    Examples Sentences:
    Statement:  The sky is blue. 
    Question:  Do you want to go to the movies Friday night?
    Exclamation:  Wow, that show was awesome!
    Command:  Tell Bob to shut the door.
     
     
    Language Skill:  Parts of Speech
     
     
     
     
    Part of Speech
    Description
    Examples
    Noun
    names a person, place, thing, or animal
    doctor
    store
    toy
    tiger
    Pronoun
    replaces a noun
    I, you, he, she, me,
    it, your, our, their, his, her, etc.
    Adjectives
    words that describe
    big, brown, furry, two, many, round, rough
    Verbs
    tell what someone or something is or does
    run, hop, skip, play, talk, swing, love, hug
     
     
     
     
     
                                                                             
        Language Skill:  PLURAL NOUNS
    Rule:
    Example:
    Add -s to MOST nouns
    girls, boys, stores, buildings
    Add -es to words that end with s, ss, x, ch, sh
    buses, kisses, foxes, watches, dishes
    Change the y to i and add -es when there is a consonant and a y at the end of the word
    flies, butterflies, stories, cities, pennies
    Some words change their spelling (These are irregular.)
    Can you think of other irregular plural nouns?
    tooth = teeth   mouse = mice
                               
     
    Language Skill:  Proper Nouns
    Proper nouns are the special names of people, places, things, animals, or events. This includes days of the week, months of the year, holidays, sports teams, etc.
    Examples:
    Person:  Mrs. Dasher
    Place:  Ebenezer Elementary
    Things:  Nintendo
    Animals: Gabby (my cat)
    Events:  Spring Fling
    Days of the Week:  Monday
    Months of the Year:  October
    Holidays:  Valentine's Day
    Sports Team:  Georgia Bulldogs
     
      
    Language Skill:  Possessive Nouns
    Nouns which show ownership.
    *Add an apostrophe and an s to singular nouns. 
    *Add an apostrophe after the s in plural nouns.
     
    Ex:  Martha's hat:  Who owns the hat?  Martha
    The boys' shirts:  Who owns the shirts?  The boys.
     
     
    Language Skill:  Pronouns
    Words that take the place of nouns
    Examples:  I, you, he, she, it, they, we, our, his, her
    Ex:  Doug is wearing a green shirt.
    He is wearing a green shirt.
     
    Language Skill:  Adjectives
    Words that DESCRIBE:
    This can include words that tell shape, color, size,
    how many, what kind, etc.
    Ex:  The big bird is yellow and fluffy.
    ***big, yellow, and fluffy are adjectives
     
     
    Language Skill:  Helping Verbs
    Has, Have, and Had
    Helping verbs help the main verb in a sentence to make sense.
    Has and Have tell about things now. Had tells about things in the past.
    Use the following chart to help you determine which helping verb to use in a sentence.
    Subject
    Now
    Past
    Singular Subject:  He, She, It, Mrs. Smith
    Has
    Had
    Plural Subject:  They, We, Don & Joe, The girls
    OR if your subject is I or You
    Have
    Had
    Example Sentences:
    Mrs. Smith has a new kitten.
    Mrs. Smith had a great time at the park yesterday.
    The boys have a lot of work to do today.
    Theyhad a lot of work to do last month.
    I havea lot of great students this year.
    Youhad a big party for your birthday last year.
     
     
    Language Skill:  Linking Verbs
    Am, Is, Are, Was, and Were
    Linking Verbs are used to "link" a sentence together.
    Am, Is, and Are tell about now.  Was and Were tell about the past.
    Use the following chart to help you figure out which linking verb to use.
    Subject
    Now
    Past
    Singular Subject:  Joe, She, The animal, It, The family
    Is
    Was
    Subject:  I
    Am
    Was
    Subject:  You
    Are
    Were
    Plural Subject:  John and Crissy, We, The children
    Are
    Were
    Example Sentences:
    Joeis wearing a green shirt.
    The familywas excited about their vacation.
    Iam going to the mall.
    Youare going to the mall, too.
    The children aregoing on a field trip soon.
    Wewere going to go to the beach yesterday, but it rained.
     
    Language Skill:  Irregular Verbs
    Irregular verbs do not add -ed to make them past tense.  You have to learn the endings of these past tense verbs. 
    Examples:
                           Present Tense:              Past Tense:
     
                                Run                                     Ran
                                Sing                                    Sang
                                Do                                      Did
                                Read                                   Read
                                Find                                    Found
                                Go                                      Went
                                Fly                                      Flew
    How many other irregular verbs can you think of?

Last Modified on September 19, 2009