• m Helpful Information
    Are you smarter than your 1st grader?
    English/Grammar Edition
     
    **Below you will find many of the skills we will be learning in 1st Grade.  Please feel 
    free to practice these ahead of time or just use this page to help you brush up on
     your skills. 
     
    Language Skill:  Parts of a Sentence
    Subject:  The naming part of a sentence--it tells who or what the sentence  
                  is about.
    Predicate:  The telling part of a sentence--it tells about the subject.
     
    Examples:  The dog and cat are chasing each other around the tree.
                     Joe ran and opened the door.
                    Cinderella and Sleeping Beauty are cartoon characters.
                    Marsha always washes her hair.
     
    Helpful Equation:  Subject + Predicate = Sentence
     
     
     
      
       Language Skill:  Types of Sentences
     
     
    Sentence Type
    What it does
    Punctuation Needed
    Statement
    Tells
    Period  (.)
    Question
    Asks
    Question Mark (?)
    Exclamation
    Shows strong feeling
    Exclamation Mark (!)
    Command
    Tells someone to do something
    Period (.)
     
    Examples Sentences:
    Statement:  The sky is blue. 
    Question:  Do you want to go to the movies Friday night?
    Exclamation:  Wow, that show was awesome!
    Command:  Tell Bob to shut the door.
     
               Language Skill:  Parts of Speech
     
     
     
     
    Part of Speech
    Description
    Examples
    Noun
    names a person, place, thing, or animal
    doctor, store, toy, tiger
    Pronoun
    replaces a noun
    I, you, he, she, me,
    it, your, our, their, his, her, etc.
    Adjectives
    words that describe
    big, brown, furry, two, many, round, rough
    Verbs
    tell what someone or something is or does
    run, hop, skip, play, talk, swing, love, hug
     
     
     
     
     
                                                                             
             Language Skill:  PLURAL NOUNS
    Rule:
    Example:
    Add -s to MOST nouns
    girls, boys, stores, buildings
     
    Add -es to words that end with s, ss, x, ch, sh
    buses, kisses, foxes, watches, dishes
     
    Change the y to i and add -es when there is a consonant and a y at the end of the word
    flies, butterflies, stories, cities, pennies
     
    Some words change their spelling (These are irregular.)
     
    Can you think of other irregular plural nouns?
    tooth = teeth   mouse = mice
                               
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    Language Skill:  Proper Nouns
    Proper nouns are the special names of people, places, things, animals, or events. This
    includes days of the week, months of the year, holidays, sports teams, etc.
    Examples:
    Person:  Mrs. Dasher
    Place:  Ebenezer Elementary
    Things:  Nintendo
    Animals: Gabby (my cat)
    Events:  Spring Fling
    Days of the Week:  Monday
    Months of the Year:  October
    Holidays:  Valentine's Day
    Sports Team:  Georgia Bulldogs
     
      
    Language Skill:  Possessive Nouns
    Nouns which show ownership.
    *Add an apostrophe and an s to singular nouns. 
    *Add an apostrophe after the s in plural nouns.
     
    Ex:  Martha's hat:  Who owns the hat?  Martha
    The boys' shirts:  Who owns the shirts?  The boys.
     
     
    Language Skill:  Pronouns
    Words that take the place of nouns
    Examples:  I, you, he, she, it, they, we, our, his, her
    Ex:  Doug is wearing a green shirt.
    He is wearing a green shirt.
     
    Language Skill:  Adjectives
    Words that DESCRIBE:
    This can include words that tell shape, color, size,
    how many, what kind, etc.
    Ex:  The big bird is yellow and fluffy.
    ***big, yellow, and fluffy are adjectives
     
     
    Language Skill:  Helping Verbs
    Has, Have, and Had
    Helping verbs help the main verb in a sentence to make sense.
    Has and Have tell about things now. Had tells about things in the past.
    Use the following chart to help you determine which helping verb to use in a sentence.
    Subject
    Now
    Past
    Singular Subject:  He, She, It, Mrs. Smith
    Has
    Had
    Plural Subject:  They, We, Don & Joe, The girls
    OR if your subject is I or You
    Have
    Had
     
    Example Sentences:
    Mrs. Smith has a new kitten.
    Mrs. Smith had a great time at the park yesterday.
    The boys have a lot of work to do today.
    Theyhad a lot of work to do last month.
    I havea lot of great students this year.
    Youhad a big party for your birthday last year.
     
     
    Language Skill:  Linking Verbs
    Am, Is, Are, Was, and Were
    Linking Verbs are used to "link" a sentence together.
    Am, Is, and Are tell about now.  Was and Were tell about the past.
    Use the following chart to help you figure out which linking verb to use.
     
    Subject
    Now
    Past
    Singular Subject:  Joe, She, The animal, It, The family
    Is
    Was
    Subject:  I
    Am
    Was
    Subject:  You
    Are
    Were
    Plural Subject:  John and Crissy, We, The children
    Are
    Were
     
    Example Sentences:
    Joe is wearing a green shirt.
    The family was excited about their vacation.
    I am going to the mall.
    You are going to the mall, too.
    The children are going on a field trip soon.
    We were going to go to the beach yesterday, but it rained.
     
    Language Skill:  Irregular Verbs
    Irregular verbs do not add -ed to make them past tense.  You have to learn the endings
    of these past tense verbs
    Examples:
    Present Tense:      Past Tense:
    Run                                Ran
    Sing                               Sang
    Do                                  Did
    Read                               Read
      Find                               Found
      Go                                  Went
     Fly                                  Flew
     
     
    How many other irregular verbs can you think of?