**Below you will find many of the skills we will be learning in 1st Grade. Please feel
free to practice these ahead of time or just use this page to help you brush up on
Language Skill: Parts of a Sentence
Subject: The naming part of a sentence--it tells who or what the sentence
Predicate: The telling part of a sentence--it tells about the subject.
Examples: The dog and cat are chasing each other around the tree.
Joe ran and opened the door.
Cinderella and Sleeping Beauty are cartoon characters.
Marsha always washes her hair.
Helpful Equation: Subject + Predicate = Sentence
Language Skill: Types of Sentences
What it does
Question Mark (?)
Shows strong feeling
Exclamation Mark (!)
Tells someone to do something
Statement: The sky is blue.
Question: Do you want to go to the movies Friday night?
Exclamation: Wow, that show was awesome!
Command: Tell Bob to shut the door.
Language Skill: Parts of Speech
Part of Speech
names a person, place, thing, or animal
doctor, store, toy, tiger
replaces a noun
I, you, he, she, me,
it, your, our, their, his, her, etc.
words that describe
big, brown, furry, two, many, round, rough
tell what someone or something is or does
run, hop, skip, play, talk, swing, love, hug
Language Skill: PLURAL NOUNS
Add -s to MOST nouns
girls, boys, stores, buildings
Add -es to words that end with s, ss, x, ch, sh
buses, kisses, foxes, watches, dishes
Change the y to i and add -es when there is a consonant and a y at the end of the word
flies, butterflies, stories, cities, pennies
Some words change their spelling (These are irregular.)
Can you think of other irregular plural nouns?
tooth = teeth mouse = mice
Language Skill: Proper Nouns
Proper nouns are the special names of people, places, things, animals, or events. This
includes days of the week, months of the year, holidays, sports teams, etc.
Person: Mrs. Dasher
Place: Ebenezer Elementary
Animals: Gabby (my cat)
Events: Spring Fling
Days of the Week: Monday
Months of the Year: October
Holidays: Valentine's Day
Sports Team: Georgia Bulldogs
Language Skill: Possessive Nouns
Nouns which show ownership.
*Add an apostrophe and an s to singular nouns.
*Add an apostrophe after the s in plural nouns.
Ex: Martha's hat: Who owns the hat? Martha
The boys' shirts: Who owns the shirts? The boys.
Language Skill: Pronouns
Words that take the place of nouns
Examples: I, you, he, she, it, they, we, our, his, her
Ex: Doug is wearing a green shirt.
He is wearing a green shirt.
Language Skill: Adjectives
Words that DESCRIBE:
This can include words that tell shape, color, size,
how many, what kind, etc.
Ex: The big bird is yellow and fluffy.
***big, yellow, and fluffy are adjectives
Language Skill: Helping Verbs
Has, Have, and Had
Helping verbs help the main verb in a sentence to make sense.
Has and Have tell about things now. Had tells about things in the past.
Use the following chart to help you determine which helping verb to use in a sentence.
Singular Subject: He, She, It, Mrs. Smith
Plural Subject: They, We, Don & Joe, The girls
OR if your subject is I or You
Mrs. Smith has a new kitten.
Mrs. Smith had a great time at the park yesterday.
The boys have a lot of work to do today.
Theyhad a lot of work to do last month.
I havea lot of great students this year.
Youhad a big party for your birthday last year.
Language Skill: Linking Verbs
Am, Is, Are, Was, and Were
Linking Verbs are used to "link" a sentence together.
Am, Is, and Are tell about now. Was and Were tell about the past.
Use the following chart to help you figure out which linking verb to use.
Singular Subject: Joe, She, The animal, It, The family
Plural Subject: John and Crissy, We, The children
Joe is wearing a green shirt.
The family was excited about their vacation.
I am going to the mall.
You are going to the mall, too.
The children are going on a field trip soon.
We were going to go to the beach yesterday, but it rained.
Language Skill: Irregular Verbs
Irregular verbs do not add -ed to make them past tense. You have to learn the endings
of these past tense verbs.
Present Tense: Past Tense:
How many other irregular verbs can you think of?