Because sometimes we all need a little reminding...Language SkillsParts of a SentenceSubject: The naming part of a sentence--it tells who or what the sentenceis about.Predicate: The telling part of a sentence--it tells about the subject.Examples: The dog and cat are chasing each other around the tree.Joe ran and opened the door.Cinderella and Sleeping Beauty are cartoon characters.Marsha always washes her hair.Helpful Equation: Subject + Predicate = Sentence
Types of SentencesSentence TypeWhat it doesPunctuation NeededStatementTellsPeriod (.)QuestionAsksQuestion Mark (?)ExclamationShows strong feelingExclamation Mark (!)CommandTells someone to do somethingPeriod (.)Examples Sentences:Statement: The sky is blue.Question: Do you want to go to the movies Friday night?Exclamation: Wow, that show was awesome!Command: Tell Bob to shut the door.Parts of Speech(This will be added to as we study these.)Part of SpeechDescriptionExamplesNounnames a person, place, thing, or animaldoctorstoretoytigerPronounreplaces a nounI, you, he, she, me,it, your, our, their, his, her, etc.
Adjectives words that describe big, brown, furry, two, many, round, rough Verbs tell what someone or something is or does run, hop, skip, play, talk, swing, love, hugParts of Speech Rhyme(This helped me tremendously when I was in Elementary School.)A noun is a person, thing, or place: like man, or school, or the nose on your face.A pronoun is a sub for nouns: like I and we, you and me, she, her, it, them, they, him, he.An adjective describes those two. Which one? What kind? How many? Who?A verb is a busy kind of thing: run, walk, must, be, try, and sing.Now that we have a grammar rhyme, we will get it right on time!More about pronounsWords that take the place of nounsExamples: I, you, he, she, it, they, we, our, his, herEx: Doug is wearing a green shirt.He is wearing a green shirt.More about adjectivesAdjectives are words that DESCRIBE:This can include words that tell shape, color, size,how many, what kind, etc.Ex: The big bird is yellow and fluffy.***big, yellow, and fluffy are adjectivesPlural Nouns Rule: Example: Add -s to MOST nouns girls, boys, stores, buildings Add -es to words that end with s, ss, x, ch, sh buses, kisses, foxes, watches, dishes Change the y to i and add -es when there is a consonant and a y at the end of the word flies, butterflies, stories, cities, pennies Some words change their spelling tooth=teeth mouse=miceProper NounsProper nouns are the special names of people, places, things, animals, or events. This includes days of the week, months of the year, holidays, sports teams, etc.Examples:Person: Mrs. RichardsPlace: Sand Hill ElementaryThings: Nintendo WiiAnimals: Carter (my dog)Events: Spring FlingDays of the Week: MondayMonths of the Year: OctoberHolidays: St. Patrick's DaySports Team: Georgia Southern EaglesPossessive NounsNouns which show ownership.*Add an apostrophe and an s to singular nouns.*Add an apostrophe after the s in plural nouns.Ex: Martha's hat: Who owns the hat? MarthaThe boys' shirts: Who owns the shirts? The boys.Math Skills
Expanded NotationExamples: 1,000+ 600+ 40+ 5 = 1,645700+ 80+ 1 = 781Fact Familiesnumber sentences that go with a set of numbersExample: 7 6 13 (these three numbers represent one fact family)7 + 6 = 13 13 - 7 = 66 + 7 = 13 13 - 6 = 7"Ones and Tens"There are two places we commonly refer to in 2nd grade math. They are the ones place and tens place.When we say "ones place" we are referring to a specific digit. All numbers 1 through 9 are considered "ones". When we get into double digits, we start to see the tens place. The tens place is simply a group of tens. See the following examples:23 (The 2 is in the tens place because there are 2 groups of ten. The 3 is in the ones place because there are 3 ones.)46 (The 4 is in the tens place because there are 4 groups of ten. The 6 is in the ones place because there are 6 ones.)10 (The 1 is in the tens place because there is only 1 group of ten. The 0 is in the ones place because there are no ones.)95 (The 9 is in the tens place because there are 9 groups of ten. The 5 is in the ones place because there are 5 ones.)Two-Digit Addition**Follow these steps to add two-digit numbers.1. Join the ONES.2. Regroup, IF needed.3. Join the TENS.**Regrouping is the same as "Carrying".Two-Digit Subtraction**Follow these steps to subtract two-digit numbers.1. Look at the ones.2. Regroup, IF needed.3. Subtract the ones.4. Subtract the tens.**Regrouping is the same as "borrowing".Measurements12 inches = 1 foot3 feet = 1 yard100 cm = 1 mJust for Mom and Dad:4 quarts = 1 gallon8 pints = 1 gallon16 cups = 1 gallon8 ounces = 1 cup