• Helpful Information

    Because sometimes we all need a little reminding...

     
    write
    Language Skills
     
    Parts of a Sentence
    Subject:  The naming part of a sentence--it tells who or what the sentence  
                  is about.
    Predicate:  The telling part of a sentence--it tells about the subject.
     
    Examples:  The dog and cat are chasing each other around the tree.
                     Joe ran and opened the door.
                    Cinderella and Sleeping Beauty are cartoon characters.
                    Marsha always washes her hair.
     
    Helpful Equation:  Subject + Predicate = Sentence
     
     
      

     Types of Sentences

    Sentence Type
    What it does
    Punctuation Needed
    Statement
    Tells
    Period  (.)
    Question
    Asks
    Question Mark (?)
    Exclamation
    Shows strong feeling
    Exclamation Mark (!)
    Command
    Tells someone to do something
    Period (.)
     
    Examples Sentences:
    Statement:  The sky is blue. 
    Question:  Do you want to go to the movies Friday night?
    Exclamation:  Wow, that show was awesome!
    Command:  Tell Bob to shut the door.
     
     
    Parts of Speech
    (This will be added to as we study these.)
     
    Part of Speech
    Description
    Examples
    Noun
    names a person, place, thing, or animal
    doctor
    store
    toy
    tiger
    Pronoun
    replaces a noun
    I, you, he, she, me,
    it, your, our, their, his, her, etc.
    Adjectives words that describe big, brown, furry, two, many, round, rough
    Verbs tell what someone or something is or does run, hop, skip, play, talk, swing, love, hug
     
    Parts of Speech Rhyme
    (This helped me tremendously when I was in Elementary School.)
    A noun is a person, thing, or place: like man, or school, or the nose on your face.
    A pronoun is a sub for nouns: like I and we, you and me, she, her, it, them, they, him, he.
    An adjective describes those two. Which one? What kind? How many? Who?
    A verb is a busy kind of thing: run, walk, must, be, try, and sing.
    Now that we have a grammar rhyme, we will get it right on time!
     
    More about pronouns
    Words that take the place of nouns
    Examples:  I, you, he, she, it, they, we, our, his, her
    Ex:  Doug is wearing a green shirt.
    He is wearing a green shirt.
     
    More about adjectives
    Adjectives are words that DESCRIBE:
    This can include words that tell shape, color, size,
    how many, what kind, etc.
    Ex:  The big bird is yellow and fluffy.
    ***big, yellow, and fluffy are adjectives
     
    Plural Nouns
    Rule: Example:
    Add -s to MOST nouns girls, boys, stores, buildings
    Add -es to words that end with s, ss, x, ch, sh buses, kisses, foxes, watches, dishes
    Change the y to i and add -es when there is a consonant and a y at the end of the word flies, butterflies, stories, cities, pennies
    Some words change their spelling tooth=teeth   mouse=mice
                               
    Proper Nouns
    Proper nouns are the special names of people, places, things, animals, or events. This includes days of the week, months of the year, holidays, sports teams, etc.
    Examples:
    Person:  Mrs. Richards
    Place:  Sand Hill Elementary
    Things:  Nintendo Wii
    Animals: Carter (my dog)
    Events:  Spring Fling
    Days of the Week:  Monday
    Months of the Year:  October
    Holidays:  St. Patrick's Day
    Sports Team:  Georgia Southern Eagles
     
    Possessive Nouns
    Nouns which show ownership.
    *Add an apostrophe and an s to singular nouns. 
    *Add an apostrophe after the s in plural nouns.
     
    Ex:  Martha's hat:  Who owns the hat?  Martha
    The boys' shirts:  Who owns the shirts?  The boys.
     
     
     
    math1
    Math Skills
     

    Expanded Notation

     Examples: 1,000+ 600+ 40+ 5 = 1,645
    700+ 80+ 1 = 781
     
    Fact Families
    number sentences that go with a set of numbers
                  Example:            13 (these three numbers represent one fact family)
     
                          7 + 6 = 13                 13 - 7 = 6
                          6 + 7 = 13                 13 - 6 = 7
                                          
    "Ones and Tens"
    There are two places we commonly refer to in 2nd grade math. They are the ones place and tens place.
    When we say "ones place" we are referring to a specific digit. All numbers 1 through 9 are considered "ones". When we get into double digits, we start to see the tens place. The tens place is simply a group of tens. See the following examples:
     
    23 (The 2 is in the tens place because there are 2 groups of ten. The 3 is in the ones place because there are 3 ones.)
    46 (The 4 is in the tens place because there are 4 groups of ten. The 6 is in the ones place because there are 6 ones.)
    10 (The 1 is in the tens place because there is only 1 group of ten. The 0 is in the ones place because there are no ones.)
    95 (The 9 is in the tens place because there are 9 groups of ten. The 5 is in the ones place because there are 5 ones.)
     
     
    Two-Digit Addition      
    **Follow these steps to add two-digit numbers.
    1.  Join the ONES.
    2.  Regroup, IF needed.
    3.  Join the TENS.
     
    **Regrouping is the same as "Carrying".
     
    Two-Digit Subtraction
    **Follow these steps to subtract two-digit numbers.
    1.  Look at the ones. 
    2.  Regroup, IF needed.
    3.  Subtract the ones.
    4.  Subtract the tens.
    **Regrouping is the same as "borrowing".
     
     
    Measurements
    12 inches = 1 foot
    3 feet = 1 yard
    100 cm = 1 m
     
    Just for Mom and Dad:
    4 quarts = 1 gallon
    8 pints = 1 gallon
    16 cups = 1 gallon
    8 ounces = 1 cup